Energy transistors produce a variety of warmth, and are subsequently often mounted on a bit of aluminium with fins, called a HEATSINK. Most multimeters cannot test the LED on the input of an opto-coupler as a result of the ohms vary does not have a voltage excessive enough to activate the LED with at the least electronics

Most logic circuits function on 5v and a Logic Probe is related to the 5v provide so the readings are accurate for the voltages being examined. The impedance of a diode or LED is EXCESSIVE before the device sees a voltage higher than the junction voltage after which it turns into LOW electronics

Generally a transistor will only break-down when a voltage is present, or it may be influenced by different components. As motors get larger, a contactor is used to do the heavy switching. Motors require more robust switches than lights or different simple hundreds do. While you minimize energy to a motor, it fights again and produces an arc (spark) that may damage or even weld the switch contacts electronics

Mild emitting diodes cannot be examined with most multimeters because the attribute voltage across them is larger than the voltage of the battery in the meter. The motor will produce the same energy at 115 V. However it is going to be drawing twice the current.

A 24v zener will be created through the use of two 12v zeners in collection and a standard diode has a attribute voltage of 0.7v. This can be utilized to extend the voltage of a zener diode by zero.7v. See the diagram above It uses 3 ordinary diodes to extend the output voltage of a 3-terminal regulator by 2.1v.